Farm yard manure application / tank silt application – This is done before ploughing
the fields it Improves humus in the soil, and improves soils fertility without usage of
Ghana Jeevamrutham – Solid fertilizer prepared by using cow dung, cow urine, pulse
four and jaggery. This is applied 3 times in the fields, before ploughing, before
sowing and one month after sowing.
Drava Jeevamrutham – Liquid fertilizer prepared by using cow dung, cow urine,
pulse four and jiggery. This is applied for 4 times in the fields after sowing the seeds
as and when needed.
Azolla application – Azolla is an aquatic fern with full of micro nutrients, it doubles by
itself in every 4 days. This is usually spread in paddy fields to control weed growth
without application of chemical herbicides
Deep summer ploughing – Pests hibernating deep in the ground are brought out and
are eaten away by birds naturally. This apprehends pest growth in the fields
Seed treatment – Seeds are soaked in a solution made of cow urine, dung cake ash
and hing (inguva). The seeds are placed in shade to remove moisture from them.
This improves seed’s resistance to viruses and diseases.
Border crops – Crops like maize, sorghum are sown to control field invasion by Moth
Prey crops – Tobacco caterpillars and green caterpillars are attracted to Marigold
flowers and castor leaves and lay eggs on them. Farmers crush these eggs to
control their population growth in the fields.
Colored sticky plates – Sucking pests are attracted to yellow and white colors. Sticky
plates of these colors are installed in the fields to trap them
Pheromone traps – Traps with lures attracting male insects by emitting female
pheromones (Scent) are placed in the fields. Male insects are trapped in them to
control insect population growth naturally
Neem Asthram & Dung urine Solution – Both these solutions are prepared by
farmers using, cow dung, cow urine, and neem leaves. They are sprayed on crops
by interchanging in a time interval of 20 days after sowing the seeds. The pungent
smell sticking on plant leaves repel pests.
Chilli garlic solution, Brahmasthram, Agniasthram – Green chillies & Gralic are used
in preparing chilli garlic soulition. 5 types of leaves and cow urine are used to
prepare Brahmastram. Tobacco, green chilies, garlic, neem leaves and cow urine
are used to prepare Agniasthram. Any of these 3 solutions can be used when pest
incidence is heavy in the fields
Sour butter milk solution, Dry ginger - milk solution, & Leafy decoctions are used to
control plant diseases and viruses.
Plant Growth promoter (Panchagavya) – Panchagavya is made of cow dung, cow urine, cow
milk, curd, ghee, bananas, and coconut water. This act as a growth vitalizer to plant and
improves produce quality.